Wu Shaoyun: to explore and protect Lingao puppet show—the national intangible cultural heritage

  

  “临高木偶戏是我们的本土传统文化,一定要抓紧时间保护。”省政协委员吴少云保护海南临高木偶戏的建议受到广泛关注。

  吴少云认为,目前,虽然拥有约50万人口的临高县各乡村依然有13个木偶戏团在流动演出,但人们对于木偶戏不再像以前那样热衷和喜爱,特别是青少年。目前该戏的导演、编剧、作曲等主创人才非常缺乏,理论研究工作相当薄弱。演员50岁以上人数居多,青年才俊奇缺。各剧团节目多为老剧本,远远不能满足人们日益发展的文化需求。另外,由于体制滞后、观念老化、人才匮乏、缺少精品力作、表演形式陈旧等原因,观众群体日益萎缩,临高木偶戏出现了市场萧条的状况。

  “像这样如此优秀的独特的民族文化更应该让更多人看到。我们应该为临高木偶戏注入新动力。”吴少云建议,针对其人才匮乏的现状,整合人才资源,在现有的13个剧团中筛选优秀人才,由当地文体局牵头组成“临高木偶戏协会”,定期举办各种研讨会、汇演赛,通过频繁的交流互动激发智慧的火花,从而推动人才整体水平的提高。选派有发展潜力的优秀人才到各地艺校或戏剧团交流深造,培养后继人才从中小学生抓起,注重艺术熏陶,及时发现好苗子并加以培养。成立专家挖掘临高木偶戏已经丢失的技巧和内容,对演出内容进行标准化考核。

  吴少云还建议,政府相关部门要充分发挥主导作用,制定灵活高效的管理办法与奖励制度。整合各方资源,开展官方组织交流、商业演出、交流与商演结合等多种模式的演出活动。鼓励企业参与,开发各种与木偶戏特色文化相配套的产业。比如木偶艺术品与文化产业园的开发,通过互动经济效益推动木偶戏艺术的发展。

Wu Shaoyun: to explore and protect Lingao puppet show—the national intangible cultural heritage

"Lingao puppet show is our local traditional culture, we must pay attention to its protection," said Wu Shaoyun, member of the Hainan Provincial Committee of CPPCC, suggested to protect the Lingao puppet show and gained extensive attention.

 According to Wu Shaoyun,although 13 puppet troupes are still showing in different villages of Lingao County with a population of nearly half a million, most people are no longer having a passion for the puppet show like before especially teenagers. The puppet troupes lack people who can direct, write and compose. The theoretical research is weak. The number of actors over the age of 50 is in the majority and lack of young people. Most of the troupe programs are old scripts that far from satisfying the growing cultural needs of people. In addition, the audiences dwindle day by day and the Lingao puppet show has a depressed market due to some reasons such as the dated system, old ideas, lack of talents, lack of high-quality programs and old-fashioned performance.

"such unique national culture should be seen by more people. We should add new things to the Lingao puppet show," Wu Shaoyun suggested that for the situation of lacking of talents, it should integrate talent resources, selecting talents from the existing 13 puppet troupes, consisting the "Lingao puppet show association" that led by local Style Council, regularly holding the various seminars and performance, promoting the overall level of talent through frequent communication and interaction. We should select potential talents and send them to various art schools or theatrical troupes to communicate and study, training talents from primary and secondary school students, paying attention to the training of art and train the talents in time. We should also set up the experts team to explore the lost skills and content of Lingao puppet show.We also should have the standardized assessment for the performance content .

He also suggested that the relevant government departments should play their leading role and formulate the flexible and efficient management methods and reward systems; integrating different resources, having the different modes of performances and activities such as exchanges of official organization, commercial performances, combining the exchanges and commercial performance.We should encourage enterprises to participate and explore different industries  suitable for the characteristic of puppet show. For example, the development of puppet art and cultural industry park, should develop the art of puppet show through the interaction of economic benefits.

Responsible editor: 石一涵
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